2024 Health FSA Limit Increased to $3,200
By Brian Gilmore | Published November 9, 2023
The IRS has released Revenue Procedure 2023-34 confirming that for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2024, the health FSA salary reduction contribution limit will increase to $3,200.
The adjustment for 2024 represents a $150 increase to the current $3,050 health FSA salary reduction contribution limit in 2023.
The contribution limit is set by the ACA (originally $2,500) and adjusts in $50 increments based on a complex cost-of-living calculation tied to consumer price index increases. The high inflation levels in 2023 were sufficient to boost the health FSA salary reduction contribution limit by three $50 increments ($150 total) to $3,200 for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2024.
What About the Carryover Limit into 2025?
The indexed carryover limit for plan years starting in calendar year 2024 to a new plan year starting in calendar year 2025 will increase to $640.
The $500 carryover limit is indexed at 20% of the maximum health FSA salary reduction contribution for the plan year. The indexed carryover limit increases in multiples of $10. The adjustment to $640 (20% of the $3,200 limit) for amounts carried into 2025 represents a $30 increase to the $610 carryover limit in effect for amounts carried into 2024.
Carryover Limit from a Plan Year Starting in 2023 to a Plan Year Beginning in 2024: $610
Carryover Limit from a Plan Year Starting in 2024 to a Plan Year Beginning in 2025: $640
What About Employer Health FSA Contributions?
As a reminder, employer contributions (including non-cashable flex credits) generally cannot exceed $500 per plan year for the health FSA to maintain excepted benefit status (absent a dollar-for-dollar matching structure). Non-excepted health FSAs generally cannot comply with the ACA market reform mandates.
Therefore, in most cases the maximum health FSA amount available for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2024 will be limited to $3,200 (max employee salary contribution) + $500 (max employer contribution, if offered) = $3,700 (combined).
Also, keep in mind that the health FSA eligibility cannot be broader than the major medical plan eligibility to maintain excepted benefit status (as required by the ACA). In other words, employers cannot offer the health FSA to an employee who is not eligible for the major medical plan (regardless of enrollment).
Other Notable 2024 Health and Welfare Employee Benefit Amounts
Dependent Care FSA: The dependent care FSA limit remains fixed (with no inflation adjustment) at $5,000. Note that ARPA temporarily increased the dependent care FSA limit to $10,500 for 2021 only. The limit has since reverted back to the standard $5,000 cap, and the IRS has confirmed that only an act of Congress can modify the $5,000 statutory limit.
Commuter Benefits: The transit pass/vanpooling and parking limits will be $315 per month (up from $300). As a reminder, commuter plans can now permit transit pass/vanpooling amounts to be rolled over to a parking benefit balance (and vice versa) under new IRS guidance. See our Newfront Fringe Benefits for Employers Guide for more details.
Adoption Assistance: The adoption assistance plan limit will be $16,810 per child (up from $15,950). See ourNewfront Fringe Benefits for Employers Guide for more details.
HSA Limits: The IRS released the significantly increased 2024 HSA limits back in May. The individual contribution limit will be $4,150 (up from $3,850) and the family contribution limit will be $8,300 (up from $7,750). See our full alert and our Newfront Go All the Way with HSA Guide for more details.
ACA Employer Mandate Affordability: The 2024 affordability safe harbor percentage decreases dramatically to 8.39% (down from 9.12%). This sets the federal poverty line affordability safe harbor at a $101.93 maximum monthly employee-share of the premium for the lowest-cost plan option at the employee-only tier. See our full alert for more details.
ACA Pay or Play Penalties: The 2023 annualized employer mandate pay or play penalties will increase to $2,970 (the Section 4980H(a) “A Penalty”) and $4,460 (the Section 4980H(b) “B Penalty”) annualized. See our Newfront ACA Employer Mandate & ACA Reporting Guide for more details.
ACA Reporting: The deadline to furnish 2023 Forms 1095-C to employees will be March 1, 2024. Last year, the IRS finalized regulations making permanent the 30-day extension from the otherwise standard January 31 deadline. Although the 30-day extension typically results in a March 2 deadline, that date is moved up to March 1 in 2024 because it is a leap year.
Keep in mind that IRS did not extend the good faith enforcement safe harbor from penalties for incorrect or incomplete information on the Forms 1094-C and 1095-C (generally $310 per return in 2024).
The Form 1094-C and copies of the Forms 1095-C must be filed electronically with the IRS by April 1, 2024 (March 31 is a Sunday). As a result of newly finalized IRS regulations, virtually all employers will need to file electronically. This will generally require engaging with a third-party vendor that can complete the electronic filing. See our full alert for more details.
PCORI Fee: The IRS recently released the July 2024 PCORI fee for plan years that end on or after October 1, 2023, and before October 1, 2024 (including 2023 calendar plan years) at $3.22 per covered life. See our full alert and our Newfront Office Hours Webinar: Compliance Considerations for Self-Insured Plans for more details.
San Francisco HCSO: The 2024 required health expenditure rates will be $3.51 per hour payable for large employers (up from $3.40) and $2.34 per hour payable for mid-sized employers (up from $2.27). See ourfull alert and our Newfront San Francisco HCSO Guide for more details.
Disclaimer: The intent of this analysis is to provide the recipient with general information regarding the status of, and/or potential concerns related to, the recipient’s current employee benefits issues. This analysis does not necessarily fully address the recipient’s specific issue, and it should not be construed as, nor is it intended to provide, legal advice. Furthermore, this message does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Questions regarding specific issues should be addressed to the person(s) who provide legal advice to the recipient regarding employee benefits issues (e.g., the recipient’s general counsel or an attorney hired by the recipient who specializes in employee benefits law).
Lead Benefits Counsel, VP, Newfront
Brian Gilmore is the Lead Benefits Counsel at Newfront. He assists clients on a wide variety of employee benefits compliance issues. The primary areas of his practice include ERISA, ACA, COBRA, HIPAA, Section 125 Cafeteria Plans, and 401(k) plans. Brian also presents regularly at trade events and in webinars on current hot topics in employee benefits law.Connect on LinkedIn